The Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 500 km east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 12,200 km², comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, with the United Kingdom taking responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The islands’ capital is Stanley, on East Falkland.
Controversy exists over the Falklands’ discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, although Argentina maintained its claim to the islands. In 1982, after Argentina’s invasion of the islands, the Falklands War resulted in the surrender of Argentine forces and the return of the islands to British administration.
The chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) is a species of penguin which is found in the South Sandwich Islands, Antarctica, Deception Island, the South Orkneys, South Shetland, South Georgia, Bouvet Island and Balleny. Their name derives from the narrow black band under their heads which makes it appear as if they are wearing black helmets, making them one of the most easily identified types of penguin. Other names for them are “ringed penguins”, “bearded penguins”, and “stonecracker penguins” due to their harsh call.
This gorgeous postcard comes from my South African friend Ruhan who, by the way, has a birthday today. So, happy birthday! 😀 The card was a great surprise because some time ago I had mentioned that I’d like to have a card with the African penguins, so it was very thoughtful of him to send me one.
Boulders Beach is a sheltered beach made up of inlets between granite boulders, from which the name originated. It is located in the Cape Peninsula, near Simon’s Town towards Cape Point, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is also commonly known as Boulders Bay. It is a popular tourist stop because of a colony of African Penguins which settled there in 1982. Boulders Beach forms part of the Table Mountain National Park.
The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus), also known as the Jackass Penguin and Black-footed Penguin is a species of penguin, confined to southern African waters. It is also widely known as the “Jackass” Penguin for its donkey-like bray, although several related species of South American penguins produce the same sound.